The evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganisms

Cover of: The evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganisms |

Published by Dept. of Chemistry, University of California/San Diego in La Jolla, Calif .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Glutathione -- Metabolism.,
  • Microbial metabolism.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementRobert C. Fahey, Ralph M. Buschbacher and Gerald L. Newton.
SeriesNASA-CR -- 182902., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-182902.
ContributionsBuschbacher, Ralph M., Newton, Gerald L., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15284603M

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Get this from a library. The evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganisms. [Robert C Fahey; Ralph M Buschbacher; Gerald L Newton; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. Of the many roles ascribed to glutathione (GSH) the one most clearly established is its role in the protection of higher eucaryotes against oxygen toxicity through destruction of thiol-reactive oxygen byproducts.

If this is the primary function of GSH then GSH metabolism should have evolved during or after the evolution of oxygenic by: Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere SeptemberVol Issue 3–4, pp – | Cite as Evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganismsCited by: 1.

Biochemistry (Mosc). The evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganisms book Glutathione in bacteria. Smirnova GV(1), Oktyabrsky ON. Author information: (1)Institute of Ecology and Genetics of Microorganisms, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Perm,Russia.

[email protected] Glutathione metabolism and its role in vital functions of bacterial cells are considered, as well Cited by: Sulfur is one of the most versatile elements in life due to its reactivity in different oxidation and reduction states. In phototrophic organisms, the redox properties of sulfur in proteins, and.

Glutathione metabolism and its role in vital functions of bacterial cells are considered, as well as common features and differences between the functions of glutathione in prokaryotic and.

Evolution of glutathione metabolism. Fahey RC(1), Sundquist AR. Author information: (1)Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego, La by: Calcium and phosphorus metabolism [by] James T. Irving.

With chapter by Felix Bronner [and] Gideon A. Rodan; The biology of phosphorus, by G. Evelyn Hutchinson [and others; The evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganisms [microform] / Robert C. Fahey, Ra. Glutathione is a potent, naturally occurring intracellular antioxidant. Glutathione levels are significantly reduced in the substantia nigra of patients with early Parkinson’s disease.

44 Glutathione has been trialed as a twice daily intravenous infusion in a small open label study. 45 A more recent double-blinded study of intravenous infusions three times a week demonstrated a. Life on Earth has to adapt to the ever changing environment. For example, due to introduction of oxygen in the atmosphere, an antioxidant network evolved to cope with the exposure to oxygen.

The adaptive mechanisms of the antioxidant network, specifically the glutathione (GSH) system, are reviewed with a special focus on the time. The quickest adaptive response to oxidative Cited by: Metabolism (/ m ə ˈ t æ b ə l ɪ z ə m /, from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical reactions in three main purposes of metabolism are: the conversion of food to energy to run cellular processes; the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates; and the elimination of.

Microorganisms (ISSN ; CODEN: MICRKN) is a scientific peer-reviewed open access microbiology journal published monthly online by MDPI. Open Access - free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.; High Visibility: indexed by the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE - Web of Science), BIOSIS Previews (Web of.

Glutathione acts as an enzyme cofactor, transport component, nucleophilic substrate, and sulphur reservoir; and participates in key cellular processes such as protein synthesis and degradation, regulation of enzyme activity, synthesis of DNA, and maintenance of the integrity of cell membranes and by:   The expression of the Gloeobacter rhodopsin (GR) in a chemotrophic Escherichia coli enables the light-driven phototrophic energy generation.

Adaptive laboratory evolution has been used for acquiring desired phenotype of microbial cells and for the elucidation of basic mechanism of molecular evolution. To develop an optimized strain for the artificially acquired Cited by: 4.

Unique central carbon metabolic pathways and novel enzymes in phototrophic bacteria revealed by integrative genomics, 13C-based metabolomics and fluxomics Kuo-Hsiang Tanga,b, Xueyang Fengc, Anindita Bandyopadhyaya, Himadri B. Pakrasia,c, Yinjie J. Tangc, Robert E.

Blankenshipa,b,*. Book Condition: Larsson, Agne, Sten Orrenius, Arne Holmgren, and Bengt Mennervike (editors). Functions of Glutathione. Biochemical, Physiological, Toxicological, and Clinical Aspects. Raven Press, Ex-technical library hardback w/o dust jacket, minimal library marks, writing packed page edges, pages, text is clean & unmarked, good by: Chemolithotrophic and Phototrophic Metabolism- Introduction to aerobic and anaerobic chemolithotrophy with an example each.

Hydrogen oxidation (definition and reaction) and methanogenesis (definition and reaction) Introduction to phototrophic metabolism -groups of phototrophic microorganisms, anoxygenic vs. oxygenicFile Size: KB. Bacterial metabolism / H. Doelle; The evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganisms [microform] / Robert C.

Fahey, Ra Carbon metabolism in Rhizobium leguminosarum MNF / [Ian McKay]. L-Glutathione is an amino acid molecule that is produced naturally in the body. Specifically, it is composed of cysteine, glycine, and glutamine.

[ATOC] [TAG:h] How it works The secret to how L-Glutathione works is the sulfur chemical group that it Author: Steve Smi. l-glutathione (γ-glutamyl-l-cysteinylglycine, GSH) is a tripeptide that is the most abundant non-protein thiol in animals, plants, and microorganisms [].Owing to its important physiological properties e.g., as an antioxidant and detoxifier [2–4], GSH has been widely used in health foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics industries [].In recent years, the commercial.

Metabolic Building Blocks. Humans consume food for energy and use oxygen for respiration in a process referred to as metabolism. Believe it or not, bacterial cells carry out almost exactly the.

Ecological Biochemistry takes centre stage in modern biology. From fundamentals of secondary metabolism to resultant survival, this book gives a comprehensive view of the organisms that shape our planet, their evolution, and their biotic and abiotic interactions.

Most of the functions of organisms are expressed in their ecological biochemistry. Metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. These processes allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments.

Metabolism is usually divided into two categories. Abstract. The resistance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to oxidative stress (H 2 O 2 and Cd 2+) was compared in biofilms and planktonic cells, with the help of yeast mutants deleted of genes related to glutathione metabolism and oxidative m-forming cells were found predominantly in the G1 stage of the cell cycle.

This might explain their higher tolerance to Cited by: 9. 'microcosmos' and evolution + authors responses to book-review by konner,melvin. new york times book review. aug 31;: 0: 0: 0: 2 the evolution of glutathione metabolism in phototrophic microorganisms.

journal of molecular evolution. ; 25 (1): 3: 3: 44 chemical evolution and the origin of life - bibliography. AbstractGlutathione (GSH) is a naturally occurring chemical used by the human body to protect against chemical and environmental threats.

As a consequence of aging, lifestyle, diet, and disease, a gap can develop between the needs and availability of GSH. GSH decreases in association with risk factors for disease and undergoes a diurnal variation with lowest values.

Glutathione precursors are the nutritional building blocks your body uses to make glutathione. Taking straight glutathione supplements is a waste as the glutathione is destroyed by the acids in the stomach.

This is one of the reasons why it is best to take the building blocks of glutathione, known as precursors of glutathione. Glutathione, a tripeptide with the sequence γ-Glu-Cys-Gly, exists either in a reduced form with a free thiol group or in an oxidized form with a disulfide between two identical molecules.

We describe here briefly the pathways involved in the synthesis, reduction, polymerization, and degradation of glutathione, as well as its distribution throughout the plant and its redox Cited by: Metabolism From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search "Cell meta.

Role of microorganisms in fermentation, Germ theory of disease, Development of various microbiological techniques and golden era of microbiology, Development of the field of soil microbiology: Contributions of Martinus W. Beijerinck, Sergei N. Winogradsky, Selman. Metabolism (from Greek: μεταβολή "metabolē", "change" or Greek: μεταβολισμός metabolismos, "outthrow") is the set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to sustain life.

These processes allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. Metabolism is usually divided into two categories.

Production of Glutathione (GSH) in a cell depends on the availability of glutathione precursors, three amino acids glutathione is made of.

These glutathione precursors are glutamate, glycine and cysteine. The first two, glutamate and glycine, are non-essential amino acids because they are manufactured by the body itself, however they can also be consumed and are readily. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN5/, VolumeIs pp.

- Metabolism (from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living enzyme-catalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their word metabolism can also refer to all chemical reactions that occur in living.

Half of the ³-L-glutamyl-L phthalate cysteine phthalocyanine glycine by its chemical name, the English name is L- Glutathione.

Glutathione is isolated from the yeast in ; inscientists extracted crystallized and conceived its structure; elucidate its chemical structure and synthesis team inEnzymatic synthesis of glutathione mechanismexplore in ; seventies of the.

Genome sequencing projects are revealing new information about the distribution and evolution of photosynthesis and phototrophy. Although coverage of the five phyla containing photosynthetic prokaryotes (Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria and Firmicutes) is limited and uneven, genome sequences are (or soon will be) available for > strains from these by:   Abstract.

Plants and the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe synthesize small cadmium-binding peptides, called phytochelatins, in response to cadmium.

Derived from glutathione (GSH: λ-Glu-Cys-Gly), they have the general structure (λ-Glu-Cys)nGly, where n is 2– In order to study the biosynthesis of phytochelatins, we used the mutagen N-methyl-N′ Cited by: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 0 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Vol.No. 10, Issue of April 5, pp.Printed in U.S.A. The Role of Glutathione in Copper Metabolism and Toxicity* (Received for publication, Octo ) Jonathan H. Freedman$#, Maria Rosa Ciriolo$((, and Jack.

Glutathione peroxidase (EC and EC ) is the general name for a family of multiple isozymes that catalyze the reduction of H 2 O 2 or organic hydroperoxides to water or corresponding alcohols using reduced glutathione (GSH) as an electron donor (H 2 O 2 + 2GSH → GS‐SG + 2H 2 O).Cited by:   Unicellular cyanobacteria have attracted growing attention as potential host organisms for the production of valuable organic products and provide an ideal model to understand oxygenic photosynthesis and phototrophic metabolism.

To obtain insight into the functional properties of phototrophic growth, we present a detailed reconstruction of the Cited by:. Sulfur oxidation is an essential component of the earth’s sulfur cycle.

Acidithiobacillus spp. can oxidize various reduced inorganic sulfur compounds (RISCs) with high efficiency to obtain electrons for their autotrophic growth. Strains in this genus have been widely applied in bioleaching and biological desulfurization.

Diverse sulfur-metabolic pathways and Cited by: The role of glutathione on the human body. Health Articles | April 9, Glutathione full activated the immune cells, human body is made up of large and small cells, it can be said that the human body is a cell Kingdom.

And the neutrophil, phagocytic cells, lymphocytes and so on constitute the immune system of the human body, make the.Extracellular Metabolism of Glutathione Accounts for Its Disappearance from the Basolateral Circulation of the Kidney* (Received for publication, Ap ) William A.

Abbott, Richard J. Bridges, and Alton Meister From the Department of Biochemistry, Cornel1 University Medical College, New York, New York

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